Protocells by Dr Rachel Armstrong – Self assembling chemical systems without DNA, which is generally thought of as the molecule that programs all aspects of the behaviours of natural cells.
These simple ‘protocells’ are made up of a very small number of chemicals yet they are able to sense their environment, modify it, and exhibit complex life-like behaviour such as shedding skins.

Protocells 1 - video (11:08)   Protocells 2 - video (5:16)   Protocells 3 - video (3:27)   Traube cells 1 - video (3:20)   Traube cells 2 - video (3:57)   Traube membrane - stills (124)

Protocells, videos and stills by senior TED fellow and UCL teaching fellow Dr Rachel Armstrong    Editing and post-production by Michael Simon Toon